International Capacity
4,200 Million
Global Internet Users
921Internet Exchange Points (IXP)
Source PCH

Internet Exchange Points (IXP)

Routing points that make the Internet work

An Internet Exchange Point (IXP) consists of physical routing hardware that connects Internet traffic from ISP’s and Content Delivery Networks to route to other Autonomous Systems (AS).

The map above depicts the largest IXP’s with scale depicting the size of the traffic that is being passed by the network.

A number of Internet exchange points, particularly those in the United States do not publish figures.

Autonomous Systems (AS)

Do you know what an ASN is?

Autonomous Systems (AS) are collections of IP address prefixes that are managed by a particular organization. An AS can be identified by its ASN or Autonomous System Number. Having even a basic understanding of how to identify an AS can help in tracking down issues with network connections and assist in aspects of cyber security.

Globally Internet Usage has reached only 53% population, while in the developed world Internet usage is currently around 86% of the population. Source: ITU 2019 (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_Internet_usage)

Internet Usage Statistics

Global Internet user growth has been affected dramatically by the increase in Internet connected Mobile devices. In fact the majority of Internet users now use a mobile phone rather than a computer.

Top Countries by Internet Users
1China (750 Million)
2India (390 Million)
3USA (150 Million)
4Brazil (130 Million)
5Japan (120 Million)

Internet Latency

Estimating response times from geographic hops is a primary way to identify routers that are having network issues. Using the reverse DNS of the router IP along with a typical response time allows us to identify congested hops or other problems. Did you know that while the speed of light is 300'000km/sec the refractive index of glass means the data travels through fibre at ~200'000km/sec or 200km per millisecond (source Traceroute 2014)

Internet Maps and Visualisations

Other great maps and resources that visualise different aspects of the Internet.

Submarine Cable Map Internet Map
First published on the site Gregs Cable Map, this is a detailed map of global submarine cables.
A comprehensive directory of IXP's with location and bandwidth data.
The International Telecommunications Union (ITU) reports on Internet usage and costs.
Detailed report on Internet Connection Growth from Equinix a global Internet Services company based in the United States.
A global map showing the Internet bandwidth across metro, regional and global locations. Produced by Telegeography.
The Internet Map Internet Map
A visualization of the web properties that make up the Internet. Represented with scale of the size of the site.
A google map showing IXP's across the world from Telegeography.
In 2012 unknown hackers used hacked routers to scan and ping the entire IPv4 address space.
Google is seeing just over 20% of users on native IPv6 connections.
An ugly map with a great deal of detail from Hurricane Electric