It's network stuff. Run
mtr from our server.
Test the network path to any Internet connected system.
mtr is an advanced version of the typical
Ping and a traditional traceroute and will ping each hop in the network path. It is a very effective way of discovering packet loss on particular hops in the path when troubleshooting connectivity problems.
Responses are determined from ICMP Time exceeded replies and ICMP echo replies from the destination node. It is possible to have
mtr use UDP by specifying
-u on the command line. When UDP mode is utilized,
mtr watches for ICMP port unreachable packets (type 3, code 3) from the destination.
mtr can be installed under Ubuntu linux by installing the MTR package. A simple
apt-get install mtr will do it, or if you prefer use the package manager to install the program. For Windows users there is a win32 based version of mtr that uses the same methodology but completely different code due to the major architecture differences in the operating systems.
MTR(8) mtr MTR(8)
NAME mtr - a network diagnostic tool
SYNOPSIS mtr [-hvrctglspeniuTP46] [--help] [--version] [--report] [--report-wide] [--report-cycles COUNT] [--curses] [--split] [--raw] [--mpls] [--no-dns] [--show-ips] [--gtk] [--address IP.ADD.RE.SS] [--interval SECONDS] [--psize BYTES | -s BYTES] [--tcp] [--port PORT] [--timeout SECONDS] HOSTNAME [PACKETSIZE]
DESCRIPTION mtr combines the functionality of the traceroute and ping programs in a single network diagnostic tool.
As mtr starts, it investigates the network connection between the host mtr runs on and HOSTNAME. by sending packets with purposely low TTLs. It continues to send packets with low TTL, noting the response time of the intervening routers. This allows mtr to print the response percentage and response times of the internet route to HOSTNAME. A sudden increase in packet loss or response time is often an indication of a bad (or simply overloaded) link.
The results are usually reported as round-trip-response times in miliseconds and the percentage of packetloss.
--help Print the summary of command line argument options.
--version Print the installed version of mtr.
--report This option puts mtr into report mode. When in this mode, mtr will run for the number of cycles specified by the -c option, and then print statistics and exit.
This mode is useful for generating statistics about network quality. Note that each running instance of mtr gen‐ erates a significant amount of network traffic. Using mtr to measure the quality of your network may result in decreased network performance.
--report-wide This option puts mtr into wide report mode. When in this mode, mtr will not cut hostnames in the report.
--report-cycles COUNT Use this option to set the number of pings sent to determine both the machines on the network and the reliability of those machines. Each cycle lasts one second.
PACKETSIZE These options or a trailing PACKETSIZE on the command line sets the packet size used for probing. It is in bytes inclusive IP and ICMP headers
If set to a negative number, every iteration will use a different, random packet size upto that number.
--curses Use this option to force mtr to use the curses based terminal interface (if available).
--mpls Use this option to tell mtr to display information from ICMP extensions for MPLS (RFC 4950) that are encoded in the response packets.
--no-dns Use this option to force mtr to display numeric IP numbers and not try to resolve the host names.
--show-ips Use this option to tell mtr to display both the host names and numeric IP numbers. In split mode this adds an extra field to the output. In report mode, there is usually too little space to add the IPs, and they will be truncated. Use the wide report (-w) mode to see the IPs in report mode.
-o fields order
--order fields order Use this option to specify the fields and their order when loading mtr. Available fields:
┌──┬─────────────────────┐ │L │ Loss ratio │ ├──┼─────────────────────┤ │D │ Dropped packets │ ├──┼─────────────────────┤ │R │ Received packets │ ├──┼─────────────────────┤ │S │ Sent Packets │ ├──┼─────────────────────┤ │N │ Newest RTT(ms) │ ├──┼─────────────────────┤ │B │ Min/Best RTT(ms) │ ├──┼─────────────────────┤ │A │ Average RTT(ms) │ ├──┼─────────────────────┤ │W │ Max/Worst RTT(ms) │ ├──┼─────────────────────┤ │V │ Standard Deviation │ ├──┼─────────────────────┤ │G │ Geometric Mean │ ├──┼─────────────────────┤ │J │ Current Jitter │ ├──┼─────────────────────┤ │M │ Jitter Mean/Avg. │ ├──┼─────────────────────┤ │X │ Worst Jitter │ ├──┼─────────────────────┤ │I │ Interarrival Jitter │ └──┴─────────────────────┘ Example: -o "LSD NBAW"
--gtk Use this option to force mtr to use the GTK+ based X11 window interface (if available). GTK+ must have been available on the system when mtr was built for this to work. See the GTK+ web page at http://www.gtk.org/ for more information about GTK+.
--split Use this option to set mtr to spit out a format that is suitable for a split-user interface.
--raw Use this option to tell mtr to use the raw output format. This format is better suited for archival of the mea‐ surement results. It could be parsed to be presented into any of the other display methods.
--address IP.ADD.RE.SS Use this option to bind outgoing packets' socket to specific interface, so that any packet will be sent through this interface. NOTE that this option doesn't apply to DNS requests (which could be and could not be what you want).
--interval SECONDS Use this option to specify the positive number of seconds between ICMP ECHO requests. The default value for this parameter is one second.
-u Use UDP datagrams instead of ICMP ECHO.
--tcp Use TCP SYN packets instead of ICMP ECHO. PACKETSIZE is ignored, since SYN packets can not contain data.
--port PORT The target port number for TCP traces.
--timeout SECONDS The number of seconds to keep the TCP socket open before giving up on the connection. This will only affect the final hop. Using large values for this, especially combined with a short interval, will use up a lot of file descriptors.
-4 Use IPv4 only.
-6 Use IPv6 only.
BUGS Some modern routers give a lower priority to ICMP ECHO packets than to other network traffic. Consequently, the relia‐ bility of these routers reported by mtr will be significantly lower than the actual reliability of these routers.
CONTACT INFORMATION For the latest version, see the mtr web page at http://www.bitwizard.nl/mtr/.
The mtr mailinglist was little used and is no longer active.
Bug reports and feature requests should be submitted to the launchpad mtr bugtracker.
SEE ALSO traceroute(8), ping(8) TCP/IP Illustrated (Stevens, ISBN 0201633469).
mtr March 4, 1999 MTR(8)